Semi-solid buildings are also a pretty old method that doesn’t interest us.
Massive buildings are divided into many subcategories. From a engineering point of view, a building that is massive should consist of a reinforced concrete or masonry structure. Here we come across a rather big paradox in the naming of the categories.
In Category M1(above) it is stated:
|massive without reinforced concrete elements or from
|prefabricated ethereal and other boards (bungalows)
This automatically means that there are no massive buildings in category M1 because there is neither concrete nor brickwork.
In Category M2it is said:
massive – large panel
Here are all of the panel buildings, implying they are made out of reinforced concrete (which is not mentioned), although it is absolutely not a problem to make a panel building made out of wooden elements. It has been done repeatedly and is being done right now. There are houses that consist of 3-4 massive modules, and there are houses that are delivered whole. How much in a large-scale building.
In Category M3 there are also quite interesting cases:
|massive with brick-bearing walls and fully monolithic
|prefabricated or prefabricated reinforced concrete flooring
|constructions, massive – prefabricated scaffolding and
|Frame reinforced concrete structures,
|raised slabs, large-scale and creeping form-work,
|skeleton-beamless constructions, special
|construction (steel, etc.).
In this category there are skeletal structures, which are made out of reinforced concrete, but notice also made out of steel. Steel also does not automatically belong to massive buildings because of the lack of concrete or bricks, but it is still included.
We can say that the concepts of jagged, semi-massive and massive have evolved over time and have lost their purity on the engineering side, and should be understood as follows:
– Frame-Built – A wooden-brick building from the past, that is extinct and presumably is considered unstable because of the unclear normative base through which it is built.
– Semi-massive – Building with load-bearing walls of concrete or brick and non-bearing wood.
-Massive – due to the variety of different types of constructions, we can summarize that it is a modern building, built according to the existing normative system with clear properties, which is not necessarily made out of reinforced concrete.